When it comes to health and wellbeing, it is important to bear in mind that children are especially prone to all sorts of nasty bugs and illnesses. Their immune systems tend to be a little weaker than those of fully grown adults, and they will also have had less time and exposure to illnesses to develop an immunity or resilience to them. Here are a few health problems that are likely to affect your little ones at some point or another as they are growing up and the best way to avoid and treat them.
A whooping cough is an extremely contagious bacterial infection of the lungs and airways. It spreads easily through droplets of snot or saliva that spread when an individual coughs or sneezes. The symptoms are much like those of the common cold: coughing, sneezing, red, watery eyes and a sore throat. If your kid displays any of these symptoms, keep an eye on them. Sometimes they will fade. If your child has contracted whooping cough, around one week later, the symptoms will worsen, and this is when you should visit your doctor. Intense bouts of coughing will begin to occur, especially during night hours. This coughing will often bring up thick mucus or induce vomiting. While you cannot completely protect your child from becoming infected, it is always a good idea to prevent them from socializing with peers who have the illness until they have recovered. If your child is already suffering from a whooping cough are treated more easily if signs are detected early.
Within the first three weeks, sufferers will be sent home with a course of antibiotics. If your child has had a cough for more than three weeks, they are unlikely to be contagious, and their symptoms should subside over the next month or so.
If your child has tonsillitis, you’ll know about it. The condition is extremely uncomfortable and unpleasant, as it entails the swelling and inflammation of the tonsils. It can be caused by either a viral or bacterial infection (the latter being much less common nowadays). If your child complains of difficulty or pain swallowing, earache, headaches, a sore throat or coughing, and you see no signs of improvement over the period of four days, head straight to your doctor. A throat swab can be taken to confirm the diagnosis, and your child will receive a course of antibiotics. If the condition occurs frequently, you may want to consider tonsil removal. This will relieve your baby of frequent complications.
At some point or another, your child is likely to catch head lice. These bothersome creatures will jump at the opportunity to live in your child’s hair, feeding on their scalp. Their bites will cause itchiness of the skin, and they lay lots of eggs, so there’s little chance that they’ll disappear of their own accord. Children are most likely to catch and spread them, as they are often in close contact with their peers than adults are. Invest in prevention treatments and a fine tooth comb so that you can remove eggs from your child’s hair yourself.
Remember, prevention is always better than cure. So when possible, you should avoid situations where your little one may be exposed to things or other individuals who may be detrimental to their overall health and well-being.